Urbanization in Indonesia increased tremendously following the country’s rapid development in the 1970s. Since then, Indonesia has been facing high urbanization rates driven by rural-urban migration. In 1950, 15% of Indonesia’s population lived in urban areas.
Why do people move to urban areas in Indonesia?
Reasons Why People Move to Urban Areas in Indonesia
Since there are fewer employment opportunities in rural areas, workers who live in rural areas will move to urban areas to search for employment opportunities which are more plentiful in the cities.
What are 3 effects of urbanization?
Poor air and water quality, insufficient water availability, waste-disposal problems, and high energy consumption are exacerbated by the increasing population density and demands of urban environments. Strong city planning will be essential in managing these and other difficulties as the world’s urban areas swell.
What is the prediction for Indonesia’s level of Urbanisation by 2030?
Urbanisation. The proportion of Indonesians living in urban areas could reach 71 percent in 2030, up from 53 percent today, as an estimated 32 million people move from rural to urban areas.