South Vietnam, officially the Republic of Vietnam (RVN; Vietnamese: Việt Nam Cộng Hòa; French: République du Viêt Nam), was a country that existed from 1955 to 1975, the period when the southern portion of Vietnam was a member of the Western Bloc during part of the Cold War.
Was North or South Vietnam communist?
North Vietnam was supported by the Soviet Union, China, and other communist allies; South Vietnam was supported by the United States, South Korea, the Philippines, Australia, Thailand, and other anti-communist allies.
Was North Vietnam a republic?
North Vietnam, officially the Democratic Republic of Vietnam (DRV; Vietnamese: Việt Nam Dân Chủ Cộng Hòa), was a state in Southeast Asia from 1945 to 1954, and a country from 1954 to 1976.
|Democratic Republic of Vietnam Việt Nam Dân chủ Cộng hòa|
|• Independence||2 September 1945|
|• Legislative election||6 January 1946|
What side was South Vietnam?
The Vietnam War was a long, costly and divisive conflict that pitted the communist government of North Vietnam against South Vietnam and its principal ally, the United States.
Does North and South Vietnam still exist?
A year later, on July 2, 1976, North and South Vietnam were finally unified. Saigon became Ho Chi Minh City, and Hanoi became the capital of the new Socialist Republic of Vietnam. South Vietnam, as a nation struggling toward democracy, as a battlefield of American foreign policy, ceased to exist.
Why did the US fail in Vietnam?
America “lost” South Vietnam because it was an artificial construct created in the wake of the French loss of Indochina. Because there never was an “organic” nation of South Vietnam, when the U.S. discontinued to invest military assets into that construct, it eventually ceased to exist.
Why was North and South Vietnam separated?
The Geneva Accords in 1954 partitioned the country temporarily in two with a promise of democratic elections in 1956 to reunite the country. However, the United States and South Vietnam insisted on United Nations supervision of any election to prevent fraud, which the Soviet Union and North Vietnam refused.