Where Does Indonesia get its coal?
Kalimantan (Borneo) and South Sumatra are the centres of coal mining. In recent years, production in Indonesia has been rising rapidly, from just over 200 mill tons in 2007 to over 400 mill tons in 2013. In 2013, the chair of the Indonesian Coal Mining Association said the production in 2014 may reach 450 mill tons.
Does Indonesia have coal?
The government expects to generate 23% of the country’s energy from new and renewable sources by 2025. Coal, of which Indonesia has abundant reserves, makes up almost 40% of the country’s energy mix.
What type of coal is found in Indonesia?
The country’s total coal resources were recently estimated to be 38.8 Bt by the Directorate-General for Mining, including approximately 17 Bt in Sumatra and 21.1 Bt in Kalimantan. 58.6% are lignite, 26.6% are sub-bituminous, 14.4% are bituminous and 0.4% anthracite.
Does Indonesia produce coking coal?
At present, they produce around four million tons of coking coal a year. … R Sukhyar, head of the Geological Agency Indonesia reaffirmed at Coaltrans that: “Coking coal is only located in Central Kalimantan,” but did not expand on the potential or quantities.
What does Indonesia use coal for?
Since 2010, Indonesia has opened 22.7 gigawatts (GW) of coal-fired power capacity, third in the world behind India and China. That means coal now accounts for nearly 60% of the country’s electricity generation, a figure that has risen steadily since 2010.
Which country has the best quality coal?
China is the global leader in coal production by an incredible margin, producing 3,474 metric tonnes (mt) in 2018, rising by 2.9% for the second year running but down from its peak of 3,749mt in 2013.
Who owns coal mines in Indonesia?
Hence, many Indonesian companies and wealthy families decided to acquire coal mining concessions on Sumatra or Kalimantan in the late 2000s. Coal became known as the “new gold”.
Coal in Indonesia.
|Production (in million tons)|
Why should we quit coal?
As of 2010, coal accounted for 43% of global greenhouse gas emissions from fuel combustion. Simply put, to solve the climate crisis we must stop burning coal. … Carbon dioxide (CO2) is the main greenhouse gas, and is the leading cause of global warming.
Where is gold found in Indonesia?
The Grasberg mine has the largest reserve of gold and the second-largest reserve of copper in the world. It is located in Mimika Regency, Papua, Indonesia near Puncak Jaya, the highest mountain in the country. It has 19,500 employees.
How much coal does Indonesia use?
Indonesia ranks 12th in the world for Coal consumption, accounting for about 9.0% of the world’s total consumption of 1,139,471,430 tons. Indonesia consumes 392,358 cubic feet of Coal per capita every year (based on the 2016 population of 261,556,381 people), or 1,075 cubic feet per capita per day.
How many mines are in Indonesia?
Most of them, 1,735 pits, are in East Kalimantan province, the coal heartland of one of the world’s biggest producers and exporters of the fossil fuel. By law, mining companies are required to rehabilitate and restore the site of their operations once they have finished mining.
What are 4 types of coal?
Coal is classified into four main types, or ranks: anthracite, bituminous, subbituminous, and lignite. The ranking depends on the types and amounts of carbon the coal contains and on the amount of heat energy the coal can produce.
How many years of coal is left?
Coal Reserves in the United States
The United States has proven reserves equivalent to 347.7 times its annual consumption. This means it has about 348 years of Coal left (at current consumption levels and excluding unproven reserves).
Is coal still being formed?
Coal is very old. The formation of coal spans the geologic ages and is still being formed today, just very slowly. Below, a coal slab shows the footprints of a dinosaur (the footprints where made during the peat stage but were preserved during the coalification process).