Tai, also spelled Dai, peoples of mainland Southeast Asia, including the Thai, or Siamese (in central and southern Thailand), the Lao (in Laos and northern Thailand), the Shan (in northeast Myanmar [Burma]), the Lü (primarily in Yunnan province, China, but also in Myanmar, Laos, northern Thailand, and Vietnam), the …
Is Tai same as Thai?
As a linguistic and historical term, ‘Tai’ refers to a branch of the Tai-Kadai family, while ‘Thai’ refers specifically to the language of Thailand. Widespread as the Tai-Kadai family is, only two languages have official status as national languages: Thai in Thailand and Lao in Laos.
What race is Tai?
The Dai or Tai are among the 55 Chinese ethnic minorities classified by the Chinese government. The approximately 1.5 million Dai people in China live in Yunnan Province. Their main homeland area lies along the borders of Burma and Laos.
Where did Tai originate?
Tai people are widely distributed in Thailand, Laos and southwestern China and are a large population of Southeast Asia. Although most anthropologists and historians agree that modern Tai people are from southwestern China and northern Thailand, the place from which they historically migrated remains controversial.
What does Thai Tai mean?
Princeton’s WordNet. Thai, Tai, Siamesenoun. a native or inhabitant of Thailand.
Are Thai people Chinese?
Thailand has the largest overseas Chinese community in the world outside Greater China. 11 to 14 percent of Thailand’s population are considered ethnic Chinese. The Thai linguist Theraphan Luangthongkum claim the share of those having at least partial Chinese ancestry at about 40 percent of the Thai population.
What is Tai culture?
The term Tai (Dai) refers to Thais in Thailand and those from the same linguistic/cultural group outside of Thailand. There are a total of 62 different linguistic groups with a similar culture, mostly found in Laos, China, north Vietnam, northern Myanmar, and Assam in India.
How many Tai languages are there?
70% of the 76 Tai-Kadai languages are spoken by fewer than 100,000 speakers. Of these, many are on the verge of extinction or are seriously endangered. A few are already extinct. Only 22 of the 76 languages have over 100,000 speakers, and only 9 have over 1 million speakers.
Tai-Kadai Language Family.