Is malaria endemic in Singapore?

Malaria has not re-established itself as an endemic disease in Singapore despite local outbreaks since it was declared malaria-free in 1982.

Does Singapore have malaria?

Singapore was declared malaria-free by the World Health Organization in 1982. “Development has helped to eliminate indigenous cases of malaria, but with urbanization you have an increased risk of dengue because the Aedes mosquito is an urban insect and very well adjusted to the urban environment.

Is malaria still endemic?

P. falciparum is widespread in nearly all malaria endemic countries. A study identified 2.37 billion people at risk of P. falciparum transmission worldwide, 26% located in the African Region and 62% in South Eeast Asian and Western Pacific regions.

When did malaria start in Singapore?

Singapore itself was officially registered as malaria-free in 1982 – a far cry from the early 20th century when about 2,000 people would die from the disease every year, said Sir Richard. But he warned that there was still a risk of the disease returning to the island.

Is Singapore malaria free?

Singapore was declared malaria-free in 1982 after meeting the World Health Organization (WHO) assessment of having 1) a comprehensive and efficacious case detection mechanism; 2) reliable microscopic diagnosis of blood smears; 3) thorough epidemiological investigations and a satisfactory epidemiological situation; 4) …

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What are the 5 types of malaria?

What Are the Different Types of Malaria Parasites?

  • Plasmodium falciparum (or P. falciparum)
  • Plasmodium malariae (or P. malariae)
  • Plasmodium vivax (or P. vivax)
  • Plasmodium ovale (or P. ovale)
  • Plasmodium knowlesi (or P. knowlesi)

How many cases of malaria are there in Singapore?

In 2019, there was a total of 33 reported cases of malaria in Singapore.

Number of malaria cases in Singapore from 2010 to 2019.

Characteristic Number of cases
2019 33
2018 35
2017 39
2016 31

How many cases of dengue are there in Singapore?

Number of dengue fever and dengue hemorrhagic fever cases in Singapore from 2010 to 2019

Characteristic Number of cases
2019 15,998
2018 3,285
2017 2,767
2016 13,085

What is the difference between dengue and malaria?

A key differentiation is that malaria is an infectious disease caused by a parasite, while dengue is a viral infection. Malaria is transmitted only by female Anopheles mosquitoes because they depend on blood meals for egg production.

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