The average number of typhoid cases in Vietnam across the country in all ages was estimated to be 11,696, corresponding with an average national incidence rate of 14.7/100,000 population per year.
What countries is typhoid most common?
Typhoid fever and paratyphoid fever are most common in parts of the world where water and food may be unsafe and sanitation is poor. Travelers to South Asia, especially Pakistan, India, and Bangladesh, should take precautions to prevent infection.
Why is typhoid common in South Asia?
The South Asian environment is conducive to the transmission of typhoid fever because of the rapid unplanned urbanisation, urban-rural disparities, poor access to improved water and sanitation facilities, and the common practice of open defecation. The Indian government has intensified efforts to improve sanitation.
Are there any diseases in Vietnam?
Some diseases in Vietnam—such as dengue, Zika, and filariasis—are spread by bugs and cannot be prevented with a vaccine. Follow the insect avoidance measures described above to prevent these and other illnesses.
Which organ of human body is mainly affected by typhoid?
After the infection, bacteria reach the bloodstream from where it reaches different organs thus causing various symptoms. The gastrointestinal tract is more severely affected including liver, spleen, and muscles. Through bloodstream, bacteria can also reach gallbladder, lungs, and kidneys.
Who is most likely to typhoid?
Typhoid fever is most common in non-industrialized countries. Travelers to Asia, Africa, Eastern Europe, and Latin America are especially at risk.
What should I avoid in Vietnam?
There are some things, however, that are best avoided.
- Tap water. Might as well start with the obvious one. …
- Strange meat. We don’t mean street meat, as street food in Vietnam is amazing. …
- Roadside coffee. …
- Uncooked vegetables. …
- Raw blood pudding. …
- Cold soups. …
- Dog meat. …
Is healthcare in Vietnam free?
Since its establishment as a communist nation at the end of the Vietnam War in 1975, the country has provided universal health care, with most citizens having access to subsidized insurance but also paying out of pocket for some expenses.
Can typhoid be cured completely?
Yes, typhoid is dangerous, but curable. Typhoid fever is treated with antibiotics that kill the Salmonella bacteria. Prior to the use of antibiotics, the fatality rate was 20%.
How long does typhoid stay in your body?
What Are the Symptoms of Typhoid Fever? The incubation period is usually 1-2 weeks, and the duration of the illness is about 3-4 weeks. Symptoms include: Poor appetite.
Is Typhoid contagious by touch?
You can get typhoid fever by eating food or drinking water that’s contaminated with feces. This often happens due to someone not washing their hands after going to the bathroom. You can also get typhoid fever through close contact with someone who has it.