This movement would become known as the Khmer Rouge, or “Red Khmers.” Inspired by the teachings of Mao Zedong, the Khmer Rouge came to espouse a radical agrarian ideology based on strict one-party rule, rejection of urban and Western ideas, and abolition of private property.
Why did the Khmer Rouge separate families?
Other families were separated when the Khmer Rouge was routed from power by Vietnam in 1978 and hundreds of thousands of Cambodians fled or were forced to flee to the Thai border. “Whole families were pushed around very often,” says Andre Tschiffeli, a Red Cross official.
Does Khmer Rouge still exist?
In 1996, a new political party called the Democratic National Union Movement was formed by Ieng Sary, who was granted amnesty for his role as the deputy leader of the Khmer Rouge. The organisation was largely dissolved by the mid-1990s and finally surrendered completely in 1999.
Who defeated the Khmer Rouge?
On January 7, 1979, Vietnamese troops seize the Cambodian capital of Phnom Penh, toppling the brutal regime of Pol Pot and his Khmer Rouge.
Who did the Khmer Rouge target?
Because the Khmer Rouge placed a heavy emphasis on the rural peasant population, anyone considered an intellectual was targeted for special treatment. This meant teachers, lawyers, doctors, and clergy were the targets of the regime. Even people wearing glasses were the target of Pol Pot’s reign of terror.
What was life like under the Khmer Rouge?
For the people of the cities the revolution of the Khmer Rouge amounted to “Unending labor, too little food, wretched sanitary conditions, terror and summary executions.” The cost in human lives of the Angkars program was more than one million.
What was the goal of the Khmer Rouge?
In 1976, the Khmer Rouge established the state of Democratic Kampuchea. The party’s aim was to establish a classless communist state based on a rural agrarian economy and a complete rejection of the free market and capitalism.