Hermogenes Ilagan (19 April 1873 in Bigaa, Bulacan – 27 February 1943) was a Filipino tenor, writer, stage actor, and playwright. He was a descendant of Francisco Baltazar. … He became known as the Father of Tagalog Zarzuela and the Father of Philippine Zarzuela.
What is zarzuela in Philippine literature?
Zarzuela (Spanish pronunciation: [θaɾˈθwela]) is a Spanish lyric-dramatic genre that alternates between spoken and sung scenes, the latter incorporating operatic and popular songs, as well as dance. … There is also a strong tradition in the Philippines where it is also known as sarswela/sarsuela.
Who were the Filipino Playrights considered the fathers of the Tagalog sarswela?
Reyes wrote 26 zarzuelas and 22 dramas in his career. He is known as the “Father of Tagalog Plays” and as the “Father of the Tagalog Zarzuela”.
Who is father of theater design in the Philippines?
Acknowledged as the “Father of Theater Design in the Philippines”, Bernal was instrumental in elevating theater and production design as a fine art and a profession. He helped establish the Production Design Center (PDC) as a division under the then CCP Performing Arts Department which he headed from 1981-1994.
What is the history of zarzuela?
Zarzuela originated in Spain in the 17th century but reached its definitive form in the 19th century as a mixture of instrumental music, singing, dancing and the spoken word that encompassed the rhythms and traditions of the diverse cultures of Spain.
What is the most famous zarzuela in the Philippines?
Although Walang Sugat or walang batas sa sugat is one of the major and more popular zarzuelas in the Philippines, it was one of the plays considered “too subversive” by the American colonial authorities, and its author Reyes was imprisoned.
Who wrote the first zarzuela in the Philippines?
THE first zarzuela was staged in the Philippines in 1878 at the Coliseo Artistico on Arroceros (formerly Veriadades) st. near Mehan Garden in Manila. Pascual Poblete, Pedro Paterno, and Severino Reyes were among the first Filipino writers to author this musical play in Spanish and the native languages.