The Indonesian legal system is a Civil Law system rather than a Common Law system (The Common Law System is found chiefly in Australia, England, America and other former British colonies). … For example, Civil Law systems do not use juries. Instead, decisions as to guilt or innocence are made by a panel of three judges.
Is Indonesia a civil law country?
Indonesia implements a mixed legal system with the civil law system as the main legal system adopted from the Dutch colonial law. Indonesia also recognises the customary legal system (sistem hukum adat) and religious legal system (Islamic sharia law).
Why Indonesia is a civil law country?
Law of Indonesia is based on a civil law system, intermixed with customary law and the Roman Dutch law. Before the Dutch colonisation in the sixteenth century, indigenous kingdoms ruled the archipelago independently with their own custom laws, known as adat.
What type of law does Indonesia have?
CUSTOMARY LAW, AND ISLAMIC LAW
Indonesian legal system based on Roman-Dutch law, customary law and Islamic law. Given to the fact that Most of the Indonesian archipelago was under Dutch rule for about three and half centuries (1602 – 1945).
Which countries have civil law?
France and Germany are two examples of countries with a civil law system. Common law systems, while they often have statutes, rely more on precedent, judicial decisions that have already been made. Common law systems are adversarial, rather than investigatory, with the judge moderating between two opposing parties.
What’s the legal age in Indonesia?
In most states in Indonesia, same-sex relations are legal but the age of consent is 18.
Does the civil law system use juries?
The vast majority of civil cases tried in court do not have a jury (libel and slander trials are the main exceptions) and the judge hears them on his or her own, deciding them by finding facts, applying the relevant law to them – and there may be considerable argument about what that law actually is – and then giving a …
Does Indonesia have a death penalty?
Capital punishment is a legal penalty in Indonesia. Although the death penalty is enforced only sometimes in grave cases of premeditated murder, it is regularly applied to some drug traffickers. Executions are carried out by firing squad.
How many types of courts are there in Indonesia?
There are four different court systems below Supreme Court: courts of general civil and criminal jurisdiction, religious courts, state administrative courts, and military courts.
What are the 4 types of civil law?
Four of the most important types of civil law deal with 1) contracts, 2) property, 3) family relations, and 4) civil wrongs causing physical injury or injury to property (tort). C.
Is Japan a civil law country?
Japan is conventionally classified as a civil law legal system based on codified law. The Constitution and the five major Codes (civil, civil procedure, criminal, criminal procedure and commercial) together form the roppó (six codes) or legislative core of the system.
What are the two most common types of civil law cases?
The two most common types of civil cases involve contracts and torts. In deciding cases, courts apply statutes and legal precedent.