For Filipinos, therefore, justice is rectitude, doing the morally right act, being upright, or doing what is appropriate. “And since justice includes doing what is appropriate or what is right, it includes the concept of equity, for which we have no native word.
How would you describe the justice system in the Philippines?
The justice system in the Philippines is mixed legal system of civil, common, Islamic, and customary law. The formal system of trials, appeals, and prisons is similar to that of the United States. … Most of the laws, official notices and court decisions, including those by the Supreme Court, are in English.
Is there no justice in the Philippines?
Felix Ramento, Manila: Yes, there is justice in the Philippines but it comes only with either money or luck and, therefore, is not equally available. Hilario Erfe, Cavite: There is justice in this country; one just needs to pursue his case until death. … It’s only when a case has media exposure that justice is served.
What is the importance of criminal justice system in the Philippines?
The Philippine Government has organized and established institutions which serve to maintain peace and order. These institutions are responsible for preventing crimes,enforcement of laws, and apprehension and prosecution of those who violate the law.
What was the justice system during the Spanish period in the Philippines?
During the early Spanish occupation, King Philip II established the Real Audiencia de Manila which was given not only judicial but legislative, executive, advisory, and administrative functions as well.
What is justice and why is it important?
Retributive justice seeks to punish wrongdoers objectively and proportionately. And procedural justice refers to implementing legal decisions in accordance with fair and unbiased processes. Justice is one of the most important moral values in the spheres of law and politics.
What are the five pillars of Philippine criminal justice system?
While international standards vary between three to four pillars, the Philippine Criminal Justice System is based on five pillars, namely: law enforcement, prosecution, courts, corrections, and the community (Bernardo R.
What are the issues in the Philippines 2020?
A major volcanic eruption, massive flooding in several regions, surging COVID-19 cases, and a worsening human rights situation are among the disasters that made the lives of Filipinos more miserable in 2020. After more than four decades of inactivity, Taal Volcano erupted again in January 2020.
Why is there no social justice in the Philippines?
The Philippines is one of the few countries that has institutionalized social justice in its Constitution. This is a result of the growing global call for social justice because of the worsening inequality within and among countries. … As a result, social justice is not served.
What do you think is the present problem of the Philippine criminal justice system?
Because of a clogged judicial and court system, overcrowded prisons are the most visible problem plaguing the correctional facilities. According to the Bureau of Jail Management and Penology which runs 415 prisons in 17 regions, on average the prisons are at 380% overcapacity.
What is the aim of the criminal justice system?
The criminal justice system is designed to deliver “justice for all.” This means protecting the innocent, convicting criminals, and providing a fair justice process to help keep order across the country. In other words, it keeps our citizens safe.
What is the goal of the criminal justice system?
Crime prevention and criminal justice
The criminal justice system addresses the consequences of criminal behaviour in society and has the objective of protecting peoples’ right to safety and the enjoyment of human rights.
What is the most important part of the criminal justice system?
One of the most important elements of the American criminal justice system is the presumption of innocence. This means that any defendant is innocent until proven guilty. The prosecution in a criminal court case has the responsibility to prove beyond a reasonable doubt that the defendant is guilty.
What were the primary reasons that Spain colonized the Philippines?
Spain had three objectives in its policy toward the Philippines, its only colony in Asia: to acquire a share in the spice trade, to develop contacts with China and Japan in order to further Christian missionary efforts there, and to convert the Filipinos to Christianity.
What social class developed the consciousness of the Filipino to fight Spain?
The Creoles, despite being regarded by the Peninsulares as inferior to them, had enjoyed various government and church positions, and composed the majority of the government bureaucracy. The sense of national consciousness came from the Creoles, who now regard themselves as “Filipino”.