Which countries do not have jury trials?
The majority of common law jurisdictions in Asia (such as Singapore, Pakistan, India, and Malaysia) have abolished jury trials on the grounds that juries are susceptible to bias. Juries or lay judges have also been incorporated into the legal systems of many civil law countries for criminal cases.
What is the criminal justice system of Indonesia?
The Public Prosecution Service of Indonesia is the only agency that has state powers to prosecute offenders. As such, there is no private prosecution in the Indonesian criminal justice system. … The prosecutor only personally investigates cases when there are special crimes, such as corruption.
Do all trials have juries?
In some ways, trial by jury may be the most fundamental feature of the American criminal justice system. But even in the U.S., the right to a jury is limited. According to the U.S. Supreme Court, the jury-trial right applies only when “serious” offenses are at issue.
Can a judge overrule a jury?
In any trial the judge is the ultimate decision maker and has the power to overturn a jury verdict if there is insufficient evidence to support that verdict or if the decision granted inadequate compensatory damages.
What’s the point of a judge if there’s a jury?
In cases with a jury, the judge is responsible for insuring that the law is followed, and the jury determines the facts. In cases without a jury, the judge also is the finder of fact. A judge is an elected or appointed official who conducts court proceedings.
Do jurors get paid?
In New South Wales, for trials lasting up to 10 days, all jurors receive $106.30 a day, or $531.50 a week. For trials lasting more than 2 weeks, the amount paid increases to $247.40 a day, or $1196 a week, if you are employed. … A juror must reimburse the employer the allowance received from the court if asked to do so.
Do all jurors have to agree?
The jury’s decision must usually be unanimous – that is, every juror must agree with the verdict. … In a criminal case, a majority verdict must include all jurors except one, that is 11 jurors. If the jury can’t all agree, or if they can’t reach a majority verdict, there is no decision and there could be a new trial.
Is jury system fair?
With at least one minority on the jury, the jury can be as close to perfect impartiality as possible. This study shows that jury race does indeed have a large impact on conviction rates. Therefore, excluding jurors by race is unfair, no matter what reasons the prosecutors come up with.
Does the US District Court have a jury?
Trial courts include the district judge who tries the case and a jury that decides the case. Magistrate judges assist district judges in preparing cases for trial. They may also conduct trials in misdemeanor cases.
Is Indonesia common law?
The Indonesian legal system is a Civil Law system rather than a Common Law system (The Common Law System is found chiefly in Australia, England, America and other former British colonies).
How many types of courts are there in Indonesia?
There are four different court systems below Supreme Court: courts of general civil and criminal jurisdiction, religious courts, state administrative courts, and military courts.
What is prosecution pillar?
The third pillar of the CJS is the courts pillar. It is the forum where the prosecution is given the opportunity to prove that there is a strong evidence of guilt against the accused. It is also in the courts that the accused is given his “day” to disprove the accusation against him.