Like many coastal cities around the world, Jakarta is dealing with sea-level rise. But Indonesia’s biggest city also has a unique problem: Because of restricted water access in the city, the majority of its residents have to extract groundwater to survive. And it’s causing the city to sink.
What human process is causing Jakarta to sink?
The main cause: Jakartans are digging illegal wells, drip by drip draining the underground aquifers on which the city rests — like deflating a giant cushion underneath it. About 40 percent of Jakarta now lies below sea level.
Why is the land sinking in central California and Jakarta Indonesia?
Excessive extraction of groundwater for drinking and commercial use is largely responsible for this: When water is pumped out of an underground aquifer, the land above it sinks. Currently, 40 per cent of Jakarta’s residents lack access to piped water.
How quickly is Jakarta sinking?
Flood-prone Jakarta is the world’s fastest sinking city — as fast as 10 centimetres per year. In parts of North Jakarta, which is particularly susceptible to flooding, the ground has sunk 2.5 metres in 10 years.
Is Jakarta going to sink?
Today, Jakarta is the world’s fastest-sinking city. The problem gets worse every year, but the root of it precedes modern Indonesia by centuries. In the 1600s, when the Dutch landed in Indonesia and built present-day Jakarta, they divided up the city to segregate the population.
Is the Philippines sinking?
The Philippines is among the most vulnerable in the world to hazards such as rising sea levels, floods, earthquakes and typhoons. … Excessive groundwater extraction has led to continual land subsidence, which will eventually result in flooding in many parts of Metro Manila.
Is the land on earth sinking?
Cities like New Orleans and Jakarta are experiencing very rapid sea level rise relative to their coastlines—the land itself is sinking as the water is rising. Now, an international team of researchers has demonstrated that this one-two punch is more than a local problem.
Is the United States sinking?
The east coast of the United States is slowly but steadily sinking into the sea. This is the result of a recent study which took a variety of factors into account when determining the continuous sinking of the eastern seaboard.
Is Thailand sinking?
A study by Thailand’s National Reform Council in 2015 showed Bangkok risks being submerged in less than 15 years. “Much of Bangkok is already lower than the sea level. Every year, it sinks by 1-2 centimetres, and some areas by even more. … “To protect Bangkok from being submerged, there are costs.
Are cities really sinking?
A new study quantifies what big buildings are doing to the ground beneath San Francisco and other cities, as sea levels rise. Other big buildings like it are contributing to sinking ground across the city, a new study warns. …