Which of the following causes serious forest fire and hazardous haze in 2015 that affect Malaysia and Indonesia?

The haze was particularly severe in 2015 due to the El Niño phenomenon, which caused drier conditions, causing the fires to spread more.

What is the cause of haze in Malaysia?

Air pollution has been an ongoing problem in many countries in the Southeast Asia region, and Malaysia is one of the worst affected. The main cause of this haze is the slash and burn practice by farmers and peat fires blown by the wind from Indonesia.

What causes haze?

Haze is caused when sunlight encounters tiny pollution particles in the air. Some light is absorbed by particles. Other light is scattered away before it reaches an observer. More pollutants mean more absorption and scattering of light, which reduce the clarity and color of what we see.

What is the cause of forest fire in Indonesia?

The oil palm plantations and the people are the victims of forest and land fires. The forest and land fires have been recurring almost every year in Indonesia. … The plantations found to have been burned or were still on fire will be directly accused as the cause of the fires.

How can Malaysia reduce pollution?

On Days when High Particle Levels are Expected, Take these Extra Steps to Reduce Pollution:

  1. Reduce the number of trips you take in your car.
  2. Reduce or eliminate fireplace and wood stove use.
  3. Avoid burning leaves, trash, and other materials.
  4. Avoid using gas-powered lawn and garden equipment.
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What are the effects of haze?

Haze, produced by biomass burning, can cause lung and respiratory disorders and decreased lung functions; e.g. acute respiratory infection and acute excacerbation of asthma and chronic obstructive lung disease. It is still a big question as to whether the haze from forest fires can cause lung-cancer.

Why is Singapore hazy?

The NEA said that depending on the direction of the prevailing winds, smoke haze from fires in the region can be blown towards Singapore, giving rise to the occasional burning smell, slight haziness and reduced visibility. Local vegetation fires can also have similar effects, the agency added.

What type of pollution is a haze?

Haze is an air-borne mixture of pollutants that includes soot particles, carbon dioxide and other toxic gases.

What causes thick haze?

When weather conditions block the dispersal of smoke and other pollutants they concentrate and form a usually low-hanging shroud that impairs visibility and may become a respiratory health threat. Industrial pollution can result in dense haze, which is known as smog.

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