Raffles instituted the administration of justice to ensure peace and order in the thriving settlement. He founded the Resident Court, appointed magistrates, and implemented trial by jury. In addition, he instituted the abolishment of activities such as public gambling, slavery and cock-fighting.
What did Sir Stamford Raffles do in Singapore?
In 1819, Sir Thomas Stamford Raffles signed a treaty with the Sultan of Johor, granting the British East India Company rights to set up a trading post in Singapore.
Why did Raffles want Singapore?
Eventually Raffles settled on the island of Singapore, because of its position at the southern tip of the Malay peninsula, near the Straits of Malacca, and its excellent natural harbor, fresh water supplies, and timber for repairing ships. Most importantly, it was unoccupied by the Dutch.
What did William Farquhar contribute to Singapore?
With his long Malayan experience and an intimate knowledge of Riau-Lingga politics, Farquhar was given the task of helping Raffles found a settlement on the island of Singapore. On 28 January 1819, Raffles and Farquhar landed on Singapore and met the Temenggong of Johor, Abdul Rahman.
Who bought Singapore in 1819?
Signing the 1819 Treaty – On 6 February, 1819, a treaty was signed between Sir Stamford Raffles, Temenggong Abdul Rahman and Sultan Hussein Shah of Johor, allowing the British East India Company (EIC) to set up a trading post in Singapore.
Who named Singapore?
However, the original legend was that a long time ago, a 14th century Sumatran prince spotted an auspicious beast upon landing on the island after a thunderstorm, which he was told was a ‘lion’. Thus, the name Singapore comes from the Malay words “Singa” for lion and “Pura” for city.
What was Singapore before 1819?
ABOUT “SINGAPURA BEFORE 1819”
The earliest records in which Singapore is mentioned describe it as a thriving port in the 14th century. It was known by different names then: The Chinese traders called it Danmaxi (Temasik or Temasek), while in the Sejarah Melayu (The Malay Annals), it was called Singapura.
Why was Singapore once thought to be an impregnable fortress before being invaded by the Japanese?
A naval base was constructed in Sembawang and huge guns were emplaced in strategic locations along Singapore’s coastlines to fend off possible naval attacks which made people believe that Singapore had good defence and was a safe country. Hence, people thought that Singapore was an impregnable fortress.
Is Farquhar the founder of Singapore?
William Farquhar is first British Resident and Commandant – Singapore History. William Farquhar was installed as the first British Resident and Commandant of Singapore following the establishment of a British trading post on the island by then Lieutenant Governor of Bencoolen, Sir Stamford Raffles, on 6 February 1819.
Why did Raffles want to bring Tengku Hussein to Singapore for a discussion?
To prevent the Dutch from challenging the legality of this treaty, Raffles wanted the endorsement of the Malay sovereign. As Tengku Hussein had not been installed as Sultan, Raffles summoned Hussein to Singapore and proclaimed him as the ruler of Johore on 6 February 1819, with the full support of the Temenggong.